Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences

Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences2021-06-08T09:08:26+03:00

in collaboration with

Research Topic: Maternal Mortality in 2019: A Case Study of Bay Regional
                                           Hospital in Baidoa City, South-West State, Somalia (SWSS)


Maternal mortality is one of the serious health factors that threaten the lives of so many women in different parts of the world. Specifically, it endangers and kills a large number of mothers in poor and low incomes countries during the birth of their babies.  More specifically, maternal mortality in the city of Baidoa in the South-West State, Somalia, claims so many lives every year, although not many scholarly studies have covered the subject.  Conducting interview with medical health personnel and observation of archival documents at Bay Regional Hospital in the district of Baidoa, Bay Region, SWSS for the year 2019, this study reveals the variety of factors that cause and contribute to maternal mortality. To accomplish its objective and goal, the study basically benefits from the case study method and approaches of triangulation by mixing qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis techniques.   


Researcher: Mukhtar Aden Moallim Yarow (Research Team Leader)
Researcher: Habiba Mohamed Nur (Field Research Coordinator)
Researcher: Abdullahi Mohamed Ahmed
Researcher: Faiza Aden Ibrahim
Researcher: Hani Mustaf Hassan





Research Topic: Investigating the Recurrence Cholera Epidemic in Baidoa, South-West State, Somalia


The global threat from cholera as a merciless disease to its victims has been immensely demonstrated in many parts of the world. Hardest hit by the disease is countries among the developing or under-developed world, especially in Africa and parts of Asia where people live below the poverty line and in places where hygiene and sanitation are poorly maintained. In the case of Baidoa city, the geographical location where the focus of this study is, cholera recurrently hits the area time after time after every several years. In order to expand our understanding of the subject, we undertook this study by way of interview and with the relevant health professionals in the district’s two cholera specific hospitals namely Bay Regional hospital and Byhaaw Hospital respectively. The findings show that poor sanitation and hygiene, overcrowding in the IDP camps, consumption of contaminated water and lack of awareness are among the factors behind the recurrence of cholera in the district of Baidoa.

Researcher: Sharif Aymoy Abdinor (Team Leader)
Researcher: Mohamed Salad Ahmed (Field Research Coordinator)
Researcher: Mohamed Ibrahim Mohamed
Researcher: Ubah Ali Ahmed
Researcher: Abdirizak Ali Abdirahman





Research Topic: Factors Contributing to Incomplete Exclusive Breastfeeding among Children 0-6 Months: A case Study of Mothers Assisted at Darussalam MCH Facility in Baidoa City, South-West State, Somalia 


Breastfeeding is an essential practice which has many health benefits to the mother and her baby. To the mother, it helps avoid several diseases including breast cancer while to the newly born baby it improves its health and growth. Despite these advantages, many mothers stop breastfeeding their new babies before the required six months needed to exclusively nourish the child. Taking Darussalaam Mother Child Health facility in Baidoa city in the South-West State of Somalia as a special case study, this research explores the reasons why mothers terminate exclusive breastfeeding before the mandatory six months. The study uses the case study as its method, triangulating qualitative and quantitative research approaches in data collection and analysis to dig deeper into the problem. As a result, the findings support the fact that the women studied mention various factors as reasons that led to their termination of the exclusive breastfeeding necessary for both the mother and the child.    

Researcher: Khadija Mohamed Adam (Research Team Leader)
Researcher: Ibrahim Aden Ahmed
Researcher: Ibado Hassan Abdulle
Researcher: Khadija Amin Abdulbari
Researcher: Adow Omar Aden 





Research Topic: Impact of Kala-Azar (Leishmaniasis) on Under-Five Children in Baidoa City, SWSS (Ongoing Study)


Kala-azar, which is also known as Visceral Leishmaniasis (VC), is a very fatal disease. It is common in countries like Brazil and India as well as countries in East Africa including Somalia. Kala-azar remains very fatal because if it is not treated in good time, it can cause death in 95% of the cases, as the World Health Organization (WHO) reports. Therefore, in this study, we aim to investigate the impact the disease has on children under 5 years old and as reported in Baidoa city, the capital of Bay region in South-West State of Somalia. Using a triangulation of qualitative and quantitative data collection tools and methods of analysis; the study: (a) observes archival materials in the database of health facilities engaged in the treatment of the disease; (b) interviews parents of patients currently undergoing treatment in the hospitals; and (c) interviews parents of former patients who underwent treatment. The goal of the study is to contribute a scholarly report that can be used by students and all other stakeholders in the health sector of the South-West State of Somalia and the entire Somali nation.

Researcher: Abdi Salat Borle (Research Team Leader)
Researcher: Mohamed Shariff  Mustaf (Field Coordinator)
Researcher: Asha Ahmed Abdirahman (Data Organizer)

Review Committee:

  1. Dr. Abdullahi H. Hussein Shegow, MBBS (Supervisor)
  2. Dr. Adam M. Nur Saman, MD (Examiner)
  3. Mr. Mohamud Abukar (Faculty Dean) (Committee Member)
  4. Dr. Mohamed A. Eno, PhD (Reviewer)

Research Topic: Study on the Risk Factors of Pneumonia on Children under Five: A Case Study of the Out-Patients at Hawl-Wadaag MCH Centre


Pneumonia is a very serious disease that can cause death. It is disease that affects the lungs due to infection. One of the characteristics of pneumonia is that it causes inflammation in the airspaces in the lungs after the infection has occurred. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection which are viral or bacterial infections or sometimes by fungi, although in some cases there are other causes. In our current study, we investigate the risk factors that are involved in pneumonia, particularly focusing on how it affects children under five years of age. We use as a case study Hawl-Wadaag Mother Child Health (MCH) facility in the sub-district of Haw-Wadaag in Baidoa city, SWSS. We intend to achieve our results by doing an observation of the facility’s database regarding the outpatients that regularly visit the health center. It is our goal that this study will help medical professionals interested in the subject, students and other scholars in the Health Sciences, the health authority of the South-West State of Somalia, the Federal Government of Somalia, and Somalia’s partners in the development of the health sector.   

Researcher: Jama Ibrahim Yusuf (Research Team Leader)
Researcher: Hassan Hussein Huudow
Researcher: Kheyrto Mohamed Ibrahim
Researcher: Fadumo Ismail Ahmed
Researcher: Rahmo Mohamed Abdi





Research Topic: Impact of Treatment of Malnutrition on Children under 5 Years in Hawl-Wadaag Sub-District, Baidoa, South-West State of Somalia


Malnutrition among children has been and still is a common theme of discussion in many parts of Somalia. It is caused by several factors that contribute to the deterioration of a child’s health and growth. Malnutrition, or malnourishment, can cause many types of diseases which can endanger the life of the child if it is not properly intervened and treated. Therefore, in order to improve the situation, the current study examines how treatment of malnutrition can have an impact on children under 5 years old who have been suffering as a result of malnourishment. The aim of the study is to observe cases reported and recorded in Hawl-Wadaag Mother Child Health Center in Baidoa, South-West state of Somalia.

Researcher: Amina Mohamed Abdi (Research Team Leader)

Researcher: Adam Adow Mohamed
Researcher: Faduma Abdi Adan
Researcher: Halima Mohamed Ali
Researcher:Abdiaziz Ali Adan






Research Topic: Factors influencing low immunization coverage of children under one year in howl-wadaag sub district in Baidoa.


Immunization is a cost effective approach that can sufficiently decrease morbidity and mortality among children. As reports from health organizations and experts suggest, about 9 million children in different parts of the world are fatally affected every year due to not receiving immunization vaccines for preventable diseases. Therefore in this study, we aim to examine the factors that influence low immunization coverage of children under one year. The study concentrates on cases reported only in Hawl-Wadaag, a sub-district in the District of Baidoa, Bay Region, in the South-West state of Somalia. Considering the lack of available scholarly output on the subject of child immunization within the District of Baidoa and the broader scope of districts and regions within the South-West State of Somalia, this study starts the needed scholarly discussion on the importance of child immunization and related factors that can enhance the health and well-being of children.

Researcher: Abdullahi Mo’alim Mohamed (Research Team Leader)
Researcher: Abdullahi Mohamed Nor
Researcher: Ahmed Abdisamad
Researcher: Idris Adan Hussein
Researcher: “No Name